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使用PostgreSQL为表或视图创建备注的操作

2021-01-08 22:59:19 来源:易采站长站 作者:

使用PostgreSQL为表或视图创建备注的操作,备注,字段,我是,类型,视图

使用PostgreSQL为表或视图创建备注的操作

易采站长站,站长之家为您整理了使用PostgreSQL为表或视图创建备注的操作的相关内容。

1 为表和列创建备注

drop table if exists test;
create table test(
  objectid serial not null,
  num integer not null,
 constraint pk_test_objectid primary key (objectid),
 constraint ck_test_num check(num < 123 ),
);
comment on table test is '我是表';
comment on column test.objectid is '我是唯一主键';
comment on column test.num is '数量字段';
comment on constraint pk_test_objectid on test is '我是约束,唯一主键';
comment on constraint ck_test_num on test is '我是约束,num字段必须小于123';
\dS+ test;

2 为视图和列创建备注

drop view if exists vtest;
create or replace view vtest
 as select 1 as col1, 'a' as col2, now() as col3;
comment on view vtest is '视图备注';
comment on column vtest.col1 is '第一列备注,integer类型';
comment on column vtest.col2 is '第二列备注,字符类型';
comment on column vtest.col3 is '第三列备注,日期时间类型';

3 comment语法

COMMENT ON
{
 ACCESS METHOD object_name |
 AGGREGATE aggregate_name ( aggregate_signature ) |
 CAST (source_type AS target_type) |
 COLLATION object_name |
 COLUMN relation_name.column_name |
 CONSTRAINT constraint_name ON table_name |
 CONSTRAINT constraint_name ON DOMAIN domain_name |
 CONVERSION object_name |
 DATABASE object_name |
 DOMAIN object_name |
 EXTENSION object_name |
 EVENT TRIGGER object_name |
 FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER object_name |
 FOREIGN TABLE object_name |
 FUNCTION function_name [ ( [ [ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [, ...] ] ) ] |
 INDEX object_name |
 LARGE OBJECT large_object_oid |
 MATERIALIZED VIEW object_name |
 OPERATOR operator_name (left_type, right_type) |
 OPERATOR CLASS object_name USING index_method |
 OPERATOR FAMILY object_name USING index_method |
 POLICY policy_name ON table_name |
 [ PROCEDURAL ] LANGUAGE object_name |
 PUBLICATION object_name |
 ROLE object_name |
 RULE rule_name ON table_name |
 SCHEMA object_name |
 SEQUENCE object_name |
 SERVER object_name |
 STATISTICS object_name |
 SUBSCRIPTION object_name |
 TABLE object_name |
 TABLESPACE object_name |
 TEXT SEARCH CONFIGURATION object_name |
 TEXT SEARCH DICTIONARY object_name |
 TEXT SEARCH PARSER object_name |
 TEXT SEARCH TEMPLATE object_name |
 TRANSFORM FOR type_name LANGUAGE lang_name |
 TRIGGER trigger_name ON table_name |
 TYPE object_name |
 VIEW object_name
} IS 'text'
where aggregate_signature is:
* |
[ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [ , ... ] |
[ [ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [ , ... ] ] ORDER BY [ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [ , ... ]

注意:SQL 标准中没有COMMENT命令。

补充:postgre 查询注释_PostgreSQL查询表以及字段的备注

查询所有表名称以及字段含义

select c.relname 表名,cast(obj_description(relfilenode,'pg_class') as varchar) 名称,a.attname 字段,d.description 字段备注,concat_ws('',t.typname,SUBSTRING(format_type(a.atttypid,a.atttypmod) from '.∗')) as 列类型 from pg_class c,pg_attribute a,pg_type t,pg_description d
where a.attnum>0 and a.attrelid=c.oid and a.atttypid=t.oid and d.objoid=a.attrelid and d.objsubid=a.attnum
and c.relname in (select tablename from pg_tables where schemaname='public' and position('_2' in tablename)=0) order by c.relname,a.attnum

查看所有表名

select tablename from pg_tables where schemaname='public' and position('_2' in tablename)=0;
select * from pg_tables;

查看表名和备注

select relname as tabname,cast(obj_description(relfilenode,'pg_class') as varchar) as comment from pg_class c
where relname in (select tablename from pg_tables where schemaname='public' and position('_2' in tablename)=0);
select * from pg_class;

查看特定表名备注

select relname as tabname,
cast(obj_description(relfilenode,'pg_class') as varchar) as comment from pg_class c
where relname ='表名';

查看特定表名字段

select a.attnum,a.attname,concat_ws('',t.typname,SUBSTRING(format_type(a.atttypid,a.atttypmod) from '.∗')) as type,d.description from pg_class c,pg_attribute a,pg_type t,pg_description d
where c.relname='表名' and a.attnum>0 and a.attrelid=c.oid and a.atttypid=t.oid and d.objoid=a.attrelid and d.objsubid=a.attnum;

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