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Laravel5.5 手动分页和自定义分页样式的简单实现

2020-09-04 08:15:16 来源:易采站长站 作者:

Laravel5.5 手动分页和自定义分页样式的简单实现,分页,方法,模板,自定义,只需要

Laravel5.5 手动分页和自定义分页样式的简单实现

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基于Laravel5.5 在项目实施过程中,需要对从接口中获取的数据(或者通过搜索工具查询出来的数据)进行分页

一、创建手动分页

在laravel自带的分页中,一般是通过数据库查询访问paginate()方法来达到分页的效果 ,like this:

class IndexControllerextends Controller

{    publicfunctionindex()  {    $person = DB::table('person')->paginate(15);     return view('index.pagTest',['person'=> $person]);  }}

查看框架的分页源代码

#vender/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Database/Eloquent/Builder.php

/**   * Paginate the given query.   *   * @param int $perPage   * @param array $columns   * @param string $pageName   * @param int|null $page   * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator   *   * @throws \InvalidArgumentException   */  public function paginate($perPage = null, $columns = ['*'], $pageName = 'page', $page = null)  {    $page = $page ?: Paginator::resolveCurrentPage($pageName);     $perPage = $perPage ?: $this->model->getPerPage();     $results = ($total = $this->toBase()->getCountForPagination())                  ? $this->forPage($page, $perPage)->get($columns)                  : $this->model->newCollection();     return $this->paginator($results, $total, $perPage, $page, [      'path' => Paginator::resolveCurrentPath(),      'pageName' => $pageName,    ]);  }

发现,分页用了 \Illuminate\Contracts\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator 构造方法,查看这个构造方法

<?php namespace Illuminate\Pagination; use Countable;use ArrayAccess;use JsonSerializable;use IteratorAggregate;use Illuminate\Support\Collection;use Illuminate\Support\HtmlString;use Illuminate\Contracts\Support\Jsonable;use Illuminate\Contracts\Support\Arrayable;use Illuminate\Contracts\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator as LengthAwarePaginatorContract; class LengthAwarePaginator extends AbstractPaginator implements Arrayable, ArrayAccess, Countable, IteratorAggregate, JsonSerializable, Jsonable, LengthAwarePaginatorContract{  /**   * The total number of items before slicing.   *   * @var int   */  protected $total;   /**   * The last available page.   *   * @var int   */  protected $lastPage;   /**   * Create a new paginator instance.   *   * @param mixed $items   * @param int $total   * @param int $perPage   * @param int|null $currentPage   * @param array $options (path, query, fragment, pageName)   * @return void   */  public function __construct($items, $total, $perPage, $currentPage = null, array $options = [])  {    foreach ($options as $key => $value) {      $this->{$key} = $value;    }     $this->total = $total;    $this->perPage = $perPage;    $this->lastPage = max((int) ceil($total / $perPage), 1);    $this->path = $this->path !== '/' ? rtrim($this->path, '/') : $this->path;    $this->currentPage = $this->setCurrentPage($currentPage, $this->pageName);    $this->items = $items instanceof Collection ? $items : Collection::make($items);  }

如果要实现手动分页,只需要使用这个构造方法,给定参数,就能达到分页的效果

贴代码:

public function setPage2(Request $request,$data,$prepage,$total){

    #每页显示记录    $prePage = $prepage;    //$total =count($data);    $allitem = $prepage *100;    $total > $allitem ? $total = $allitem : $total;    if(isset($request->page)){      $current_page =intval($request->page);      $current_page =$current_page<=0?1:$current_page;    }else{      $current_page = 1;    }    #url操作    $url = $url='http://'.$_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'].$_SERVER["REQUEST_URI"];    if(strpos($url,'&page')) $url=str_replace('&page='.$request->page, '',$url);     # $data must be array    $item =array_slice($data,($current_page-1)*$prePage,$prePage);    $paginator = new LengthAwarePaginator($item,$total,$prePage,$current_page,[      'path'=>$url,      'pageName'=>'page'    ]);     return $paginator;  }

($data 为需要进行分页的数据)

说明:

1、在考虑到代码的复用性,我将分页代码封装到app/Controllers/Controller.php中的一个方法里面,这样在其他控制器里只需要$this->setPage(Request $request,$data,$prepage,$total) 就能使用了,(前提:其他控制器继承了Controller.php)

2、分页的URL,因为我的项目的url一定会携带一个kw参数,所以我直接用str_replace替换"&page",如果是存在不携参分页的话,需要判断,到底是"?page"还是"&page"。(url的逻辑可以自己写)

#分页 php

     $paginator = $this->setPage2($request,$data,25,$sum);      $data =$paginator->toArray()['data'];

在模板中:{{$paginator->render()}}即能输出分页HTML,样式如下:

二、自定义分页样式

在实际开发中,不希望用户在浏览时直接浏览最后几页,只想用户从前往后依次的浏览,如百度搜索分页,这时候,就想修改分页的样式,经过一个下午的奋战,贴出解决过程

在上一环节中,手动创建了分页,了解HTML的模板生成是render()方法,

#\Illuminate\Contracts\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator

/**   * Render the paginator using the given view.   *   * @param string|null $view   * @param array $data   * @return \Illuminate\Support\HtmlString   */  public function render($view = null, $data = [])  {    return new HtmlString(static::viewFactory()->make($view ?: static::$defaultView, array_merge($data, [      'paginator' => $this,      'elements' => $this->elements(),    ]))->render());  }

经过思考,我们不去改laravel框架的源代码,可以通过重构render方法或者重新定义一个生成HTML模板的方法来实现自定义HTML模板

因为我们只需要自定义HTML模板,所以,可以创建一个文件,继承\Illuminate\Contracts\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator 类

看代码:

<?php namespace App\Helpers; use Illuminate\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator;/** * Created by PhpStorm. * User: 1 * Date: 2018/4/9 * Time: 9:08 */class Newpage extends LengthAwarePaginator {   public $de_page = 10; //默认显示分页数  public $pageHtml;   public function newrender(){    if($this->hasPages())    {       return sprintf("<ul class='pagination'>%s %s %s</ul>",        $this->pre_page(),        $this->pages_num(),        $this->next_page()      );    }  }   #上一页  public function pre_page(){    if($this->currentPage == 1){      //dd($this->currentPage);      return "<li class='disabled'><span>《</span></li>";    }else{       $url = $this->path."&page=".($this->currentPage-1);      //dd($url);      return "<li><a href=".$url." rel="external nofollow" rel='prev'>《</a></li>";    }  }   #页码  public function pages_num(){    $pages = '';    if($this->currentPage <= 6){      for($i = 1; $i <= $this->de_page; $i++){        if($this->currentPage == $i){          $pages .= "<li class='active'><a href=".$this->path." rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" &page=".$i.">".$i."</a></li>";        }else{          $pages .="<li><a href=".$this->path." rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" &page=".$i.">".$i."</a></li>";        }      }    }else{      #当前页前边部分      for($i = 5; $i >=1 ; $i--){        $url =$this->currentPage-$i;        $pages .= "<li><a href=".$this->path." rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" &page=".$url.">".$url."</a></li>";      }      #当前页      $pages .= "<li class='active'><span>".$this->currentPage."</span></li>";      #当前页后边部分      for($i = 1;$i < 5; $i++ ){        $nowpage =$this->currentPage+$i;        $pages .= "<li><a href=".$this->path." rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" &page=".$nowpage.">".$nowpage."</a></li>";      }    }    return $pages;   }  #下一页  public function next_page(){    if($this->currentPage < $this->total){      $page =$this->currentPage+1;      return "<li><a href=".$this->path." rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" &page=".$page." rel='next'><span>》</span></a></li>";    }else{      return "<li class='disabled'><span>》</span></li>";    }   } }

我选择的方法是自定义新的方法生成HTML模板,模板中通过:{{$paginator->newrender()}}输出HTML

如果选择重构render()方法,只需要将上面的newrender()方法做一些小变动

public function render($view=null,$data=[]){     if($this->hasPages())    {      return sprintf("<ul class='pagination'>%s %s %s</ul>",        $this->pre_page(),        $this->pages_num(),        $this->next_page()      );    }  }

模板中通过:{{$paginator->render()}}输出HTML

最终效果如图:

注意:自定义HTML后因为新建了一个类继承了LengthAwarePaginator类,需要将第一步手动分页的方法中new LengthAwarePaginator 修改为 new Newpage 参数不变。

以上就是关于对Laravel5.5 手动分页和自定义分页样式的简单实现的详细介绍。欢迎大家对Laravel5.5 手动分页和自定义分页样式的简单实现内容提出宝贵意见

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